If you are not using C/C , you must download and install a package or library for your chosen language that includes the Open GL bindings.
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None of these options are particularly fast, so installing drivers is always a good idea.
Graphics on Linux is almost exclusively implemented using the X windows system.
Technically, Open GL is just a specification, implemented by your graphics driver. If that is C, the "bindings" consist of just the header files.
However you'll probably also want to use Open GL extensions, which is easy using GLEW.