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Surface exposure dating with cosmogenic nuclides

Displacements rates measured today by differential Global Navigation Systems Satellite Systems (GPS) indicate the same velocity suggesting that the rockslide has been moving nearly constantly over the past 14 thousand years.

Results from other sliding surfaces are different and suggest accelerated displacement rates today.

This disparity between dates determined by different dating methods and the large spread of TCN ages suggests that the cobbles and boulders have considerable inherited Be concentrations, suggesting that the clasts have been derived from older shorelines or associated landforms.

These results highlight the problems associated with using surface cobbles and boulders to date Quaternary surfaces in Death Valley and emphasizes the need to combine multiple, different dating methods to accurately date landforms in similar dryland regions elsewhere in the world.

Ab dem Zeitpunkt, zu dem das in Frage kommende Material vor der kosmischen Strahlung abgeschirmt wurde (z. durch Einlagern in eine Höhle), nimmt der Anteil der beiden Radionuklide durch radioaktiven Zerfall unterschiedlich schnell ab, sodass sich aus dem Verhältnis dieser Radionuklide zum Zeitpunkt der Untersuchung und dem angenommenen (bekannten) Gleichgewichtsverhältnis unter Bestrahlung und Kenntnis der jeweiligen Halbwertszeiten (siehe auch Nuklidkarte) das Alter abschätzen lässt.

Comparisons of Be TCN ages within sample sets on individual surfaces most closely approximate to the age of landforms that are younger than ~ 70 ka.However, certain work activities can give rise to significantly enhanced exposures that may need to be controlled by regulation.Material giving rise to these enhanced exposures has become known as naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM).Alluvial fan surfaces older than ~ 70 ka have begun to undergo sufficient erosion such that the majority of Be TCN ages for beach bars near Beatty Junction and shorelines ~ 8 km south of Furnace Creek is large, ranging from ~ 119 ka to ~ 385 ka and ~ 109 ka to ~ 465 ka, respectively.New and previously published luminescence ages and soil development suggest that these landforms may have formed during marine isotope stage (MIS) 2 (~ 22–18 ka), but these younger ages may reflect elluviation of material into the bar deposit long after deposition, and hence the younger ages do not record the true antiquity of the landforms.Using certain cosmogenic radionuclides, scientists can date how long a particular surface has been exposed, how long a certain piece of material has been buried, or how quickly a location or drainage basin is eroding.The basic principle is that these radionuclides are produced at a known rate, and also decay at a known rate.Ages of rock avalanche deposits throughout Norway cluster in the first few thousand years after deglaciation, however ages throughout the entire Holocene have also been obtained.The principles of dating sliding surfaces are more explained in the publication on the Oppstadhornet slide on Otrøya. 16.6 to 14.2 kyrs ago and past long-term displacement rates are in the order of 2 mm/yr.When one of these particles strikes an atom it can dislodge protons and/or neutrons from that atom, producing a different element or a different isotope of the original element.In rock and other materials of similar density, most of the cosmic ray flux is absorbed within the first meter of exposed material in reactions that produce new isotopes called cosmogenic nuclides.


  1. Beryllium-10 terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating of Quaternary. R. Middleton, D. LalRole of in situ cosmogenic nuclides 10 Be and 26 Al in the.

  2. The progress in the method of cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating has drastically accelerated over the last years, in part fueled by the National Science

  3. Difficulties in cosmogenic nuclide dating. the Earth’s surface, and so have accumulated cosmogenic. cosmogenic nuclides from a previous exposure.

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