The Hamilton family are major land-owners in the area to this day.
Hamilton Palace was the seat of the Dukes of Hamilton until the early-twentieth century.
For this act, he was rewarded with a portion of land which had been forfeited by the Comyns at Dalserf and later the Barony and lands of Cadzow, which in time would become the town of Hamilton.
Cadzow was renamed Hamilton in the time of James, Lord Hamilton, who was married to Princess Mary, the daughter of King James II.
The former Earnock High School merged with Blantyre High School as the new Calderside Academy.
There are also several primary schools in Hamilton, including, St Cuthbert's, Our Lady and St Anne's, St Elizabeth's St Peter's, St Paul's, St Mark's, St Ninian's, St Mary's, Glenlee, Townhill, Udston, Woodhead, Beckford, St John's, Woodside and Chatelherault Primary Schools.
Hamilton Barracks was formerly the Depot of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) and the home of the 1st Battalion of the Regiment.
The Regimental Museum is part of the Low Parks Museum.
The Hamiltons constructed many landmark buildings in the area including the Hamilton Mausoleum in Strathclyde Park, which has the longest echo of any building in the world.
It sits 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Glasgow, 35 miles (56 km) south-west of Edinburgh and 74 miles (120 km) north of Carlisle, Cumbria.
It is situated on the south bank of the River Clyde at its confluence with the Avon Water.
By road the town is to the west of the M74 motorway, the main southerly link to England, which joins the M6 just north of Carlisle.
The main route from Edinburgh is the M8, leaving at junctions 6 or 7.