Clinton called for legislation to overturn the ban, but encountered intense opposition from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, members of Congress, and portions of the public. Congress included text in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (passed in 1993) requiring the military to abide by regulations essentially identical to the 1982 absolute ban policy.This is the policy now known as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell".The "Don't Ask" provision mandated that military or appointed officials will not ask about or require members to reveal their sexual orientation.The "Don't Tell" stated that a member may be discharged for claiming to be a homosexual or bisexual or making a statement indicating a tendency towards or intent to engage in homosexual activities.
The Navy had investigated Mc Veigh's sexual orientation based on his AOL email account name and user profile.Carl Mundy, Jr., Commandant of the Marine Corps, praised a position paper authored by a Marine Corps chaplain that said that "In the unique, intensely close environment of the military, homosexual conduct can threaten the lives, including the physical (e.g. Mundy called it "extremely insightful" and said it offered "a sound basis for discussion of the issue". During the 1993 policy debate, the National Defense Research Institute prepared a study for the Office of the Secretary of Defense published as Sexual Orientation and U. He stated, "The research data show that there is nothing about lesbians and gay men that makes them inherently unfit for military service, and there is nothing about heterosexuals that makes them inherently unable to work and live with gay people in close quarters." Herek added, "The assumption that heterosexuals cannot overcome their prejudices toward gay people is a mistaken one." In Congress, Democratic Senator Sam Nunn of Georgia led the contingent that favored maintaining the absolute ban on gays.Reformers were led by Democratic Congressman Barney Frank of Massachusetts, who favored modification (but ultimately voted for the defense authorization bill with the gay ban language), and Barry Goldwater, a former Republican Senator and a retired Major General, Congress rushed to enact the existing gay ban policy into federal law, outflanking Clinton's planned repeal effort.The "Don’t Pursue" established what was minimally required for an investigation to be initiated.A "Don’t Harass" provision was added to the policy later. (2006), unanimously held that the federal government could constitutionally withhold funding from universities, no matter what their nondiscrimination policies might be, for refusing to give military recruiters access to school resources.The phrase was coined by Charles Moskos, a military sociologist.In accordance with the December 21, 1993, Department of Defense Directive 1332.14, The full name of the policy at the time was "Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Don't Pursue".The case also attracted attention because a navy paralegal had misrepresented himself when querying AOL for information about Mc Veigh's account.Frank Rich linked the two issues: "Mc Veigh is as clear-cut a victim of a witch hunt as could be imagined, and that witch hunt could expand exponentially if the military wants to add on-line fishing to its invasion of service members' privacy." AOL apologized to Mc Veigh and paid him damages.It ensured that the military would not allow harassment or violence against service members for any reason. An association of law schools had argued that allowing military recruiting at their institutions compromised their ability to exercise their free speech rights in opposition to discrimination based on sexual orientation as represented by DADT.In January 1998, Senior Chief Petty Officer Timothy R. district court that prevented his discharge from the U. Navy for "homosexual conduct" after 17 years of service.