This is also the minimum age of the other person legally permitted to engage in sexual activity.Having sex with a person who is younger than the age of consent (but who agrees to have sex) is called statutory rape.The laws are almost always affected by a nation's culture. European countries generally range from 14yrs to 16yrs.In the United States, the age varies from 16 to 18.
This allows for people under of consent but above a certain age to have sex with people as long as there older partner is either less than a certain age or the difference in age is a certain number of years.
The age of consent may also vary if one of the people is in a position of authority over the other.
For example, if the older person was a teacher of the "victim", the age may be higher than for other people, an example of this is Indiana where the age where a person can have sex is 16 except if the older partner is a teacher at the "victim's" high school, in which case the age limit is 18.
If the two people are married, the age is often lower.
Age of consent can also be affected by the type of sex or the sex of the person.