The city is mentioned in a donation by Duke Hedan II to bishop Willibrord, dated 1 May 704, in castellum Virteburch.
The Ravenna Cosmography lists the city as Uburzis at about the same time.
The city has a population of around 124,000 people.Beginning in 1237, the city seal depicted the cathedral and a portrait of Saint Kilian, with the inscription SIGILLVM CIVITATIS HERBIPOLENSIS.It shows a banner on a tilted lance, formerly in a blue field, with the banner quarterly argent and gules (1532), later or and gules (1550).On 16 March 1945, about 90% of the city was destroyed in 17 minutes by fire bombing from 225 British Lancaster bombers during a World War II air raid, despite the presence of 40 hospitals and the absence of any major armament producer.Würzburg became a target for its role as a traffic hub and to break the spirit of the population.The University of Würzburg was founded in 1402 and re-founded in 1582.The citizens of the city revolted several times against the prince-bishop.A Bronze Age (Urnfield culture) refuge castle stood on the site of the present Fortress Marienberg.The former Celtic territory was settled by the Alamanni in the 4th or 5th century, and by the Franks in the 6th to 7th.; Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.Located on the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia. Würzburg lies about equidistant from Frankfurt am Main and Nuremberg (each about 120 kilometers or 75 miles away).