All of the city's churches, cathedrals, and other monuments were heavily damaged or destroyed.The city center, which mostly dated from medieval times, was totally destroyed in a firestorm in which 5,000 people perished. 42nd Infantry Division in a series of frontal assaults masked by smokescreens.Over the next 20 years, the buildings of historical importance were painstakingly and accurately reconstructed. The battle continued until the final Wehrmacht resistance was defeated on 5 April 1945.The citizens who rebuilt the city immediately after the end of the war were mostly women – Trümmerfrauen ("rubble women") – because the men were either dead or still prisoners of war. Würzburg is located on both banks of the river Main in the region of Lower Franconia in Bavaria, Germany.
Between November 1941 and June 1943 Jews from the city were sent to the Nazi concentration camps in Eastern Europe.Beginning in 1237, the city seal depicted the cathedral and a portrait of Saint Kilian, with the inscription SIGILLVM CIVITATIS HERBIPOLENSIS.It shows a banner on a tilted lance, formerly in a blue field, with the banner quarterly argent and gules (1532), later or and gules (1550).This coat of arms replaced the older seal of the city, showing Saint Kilian, from 1570.The first diocese was founded by Saint Boniface in 742 when he appointed the first bishop of Würzburg, Saint Burkhard.In 1397, King Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia had visited the city and promised its people the status of a free Imperial City.However, the German ruling princes forced him to withdraw these promises.; Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.Located on the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia. Würzburg lies about equidistant from Frankfurt am Main and Nuremberg (each about 120 kilometers or 75 miles away).Würzburg covers an area of 87.6 square-kilometres and lies at an altitude of around 177 metres.Of the total municipal area, in 2007, building area accounted for 30%, followed by agricultural land (27.9%), forestry/wood (15.5%), green spaces (12.7%), traffic (5.4%), water (1.2%) and others (7.3%). To the west lies the 266 metre Marienberg and the Nikolausberg (359 m) to the south of it.