Most of them were Sephardim, followed by Ashkenazim, Mizrahim, and Italkim.
Perhaps the most important influx of Jewish population was during the 20th century, due to World War I and World War II.
Uruguayan Jews initially made a living in small retail trade and peddling, with some becoming craftsmen and artisans.
In time, they moved up the economic scale, and many became the owners of large stores or medium-sized businesses.
In the 1950s, a number of Russian Jews and Hungarian Jews moved to Uruguay.
Uruguay, which had supported the creation of a Jewish homeland during the 1920 San Remo conference, was one of the first nations to recognize Israel, and the first Latin American country to do so.