As part of the revolutionary wave of protests in the Middle East and North Africa following the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi in Tunisia, the Bahraini protests were initially aimed at achieving greater political freedom and equality for the majority Shia population, known locally as Bloody Thursday.
Protesters in Manama camped for days at the Pearl Roundabout, which became the centre of the protests.
After a month, the government of Bahrain requested troops and police aid from the Gulf Cooperation Council.
On 14 March, 1,000 troops from Saudi Arabia and 500 troops from UAE entered Bahrain and crushed the uprising.
An alleged failed coup d'état was attempted in 1981.
Ian Henderson was then known for allegedly ordering torture and assassinations in Kenya.
He was tasked with heading and developing the General Directorate for State Security Investigations.
Pearl Roundabout was cleared of protesters and the iconic statue at its center was destroyed.
Occasional demonstrations have, however, continued since then.