According to the ancient belief, the first month of the year was named January in honor of Janus, the Roman god, who was considered the patron of each beginning.
In the following stages, in many countries, the first day of the new year was mainly associated with agriculture and celebrated either in the beginning of spring or at the end of the autumn.
On the night of May 8 to 9 1945, German Instrument of Surrender was signed in Berlin.
The Azerbaijani people who made a crucial contribution to victory over the fascism in the World War II sent about 700,000 sons and daughters to the front.
May 9 is marked as Victory Day at the state level in Azerbaijan.Novruz is an ancient traditional holiday which reflects and promotes cultural, national and spiritual values, folklore, and nationality of the Azerbaijani people.For many centuries Novruz has been celebrated as a national holiday with various festivals and ceremonies in every part of Azerbaijan.In 2006, the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan adopted the Law on Gender Equality, defining the main priorities and tasks of the state policy to ensure gender equality.Today, women in Azerbaijan are actively represented in the public administration system, closely involved in the ongoing public and political, socio-economic, and cultural processes in the society, and continue making significant contributions to the prosperity of the state and the people`s welfare.Starting a new calendar year from January 1 dates back to the 46th year BC.According to sources, this initiative was put forward by the Roman ruler Julius Caesar.The establishment of the State Committee on Women's Problems under the Decree signed by national leader Heydar Aliyev on January 14, 1998, marked a new stage in the implementation of gender policy.In 2006, under the Order of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, the State Committee for Women's Problems was restructured into the State Committee for Family, Women and Children Affairs.In the Middle Ages, most of the western European countries celebrated the beginning of the year on December 25, on March 1 and 25, while Eastern European countries marked it on September 1.Starting a new calendar year from January 1 began to be applied in the majority of Western European countries in the 16th century, and in Russia in the 18th century.